- 1 What are band councils responsible for?
- 2 Who makes up the band government?
- 3 What is the difference between a band council and a tribal council?
- 4 What is the difference to the different Government of band?
- 5 Where do band councils get most of their money?
- 6 What is a band money?
- 7 What is an Indian band in Canada?
- 8 What did Bill C 31 do?
- 9 Which level of government is responsible for First Nations?
- 10 How does a tribal council work?
- 11 Who governs the First Nation how are they selected?
- 12 Who is a leader of a chiefdom?
- 13 What are the 4 types of political organization?
- 14 How do bands tribes chiefdoms and states evolve?
What are band councils responsible for?
Band councils are responsible for the governance and administration of band affairs, including education, band schools, housing, water and sewer, roads, and other community businesses and services. Traditionally, some First Nations chiefs were hereditary.
Who makes up the band government?
Band Government and Elections Bands are governed by councils consisting of one chief and one councillor per every 100 band members. All band councillors and chiefs are elected by members of the band. Elections are often held every two years, but the Indian Act does allow for bands to create different election customs.
What is the difference between a band council and a tribal council?
As of 2013, there were 253 First Nations which had their own membership criteria, so that not all Status Indians are members of a band. Bands can be united into larger regional groupings called tribal councils. These councils unite bands that are not included in tribal councils with those that are in tribal councils.
What is the difference to the different Government of band?
By definition, a band was a small, egalitarian, kin-based group of perhaps 10–50 people, while a tribe comprised a number of bands that were politically integrated (often through a council of elders or other leaders) and shared a language, religious beliefs, and other aspects of culture.
Where do band councils get most of their money?
The biggest revenue source is transfers from the federal government, but First Nations are increasingly generating what’s called “own-source revenue.” The communities also get revenue from land claims settlements and successful lawsuits, selling treaty land and a small amount from other levels of government.
What is a band money?
One band is usually $1,000 in cash, referring to the currency strap or rubber band that goes around a stack of $1,000. Blue bands are stacks of $10,000, as new $100 bills have blue ribbons sewn into them, and would likely be stacked in groups of 100. Other names for bands include bandz, rubber bands, and stacks.
What is an Indian band in Canada?
An Indian band is defined as a body of Indians for whose collective use and benefit lands have been set apart or money is held by the Crown, or who have been declared to be a band for the purpose of the Indian Act.
What did Bill C 31 do?
In 1985, Parliament responded to the appeals of Indigenous peoples by changing discriminatory sections of the Indian Act. Known as Bill C-31, this amendment reinstated Indian Status to women who had lost it through marriage to men without status.
Which level of government is responsible for First Nations?
The federal government is responsible for matters that affect the whole country. Aboriginal government is responsible for matters that affect the rights of First Nations, Inuit, and Métis citizens.
How does a tribal council work?
A Tribal Council, which holds the legislative power, for example, the White Earth Chippewa Tribal Council. The council passes laws that are collected in Tribal Codes. A tribal court system handles disputes between tribal members, as well as some disputes between members of the tribe and non-members.
Who governs the First Nation how are they selected?
Unless they have negotiated self-government, most First Nations are currently governed by the Indian Act. They elect chiefs and councils to make decisions on their behalf and pass by-laws in a limited number of areas. First Nations have been living under the Indian Act for over 140 years.
Who is a leader of a chiefdom?
Political leaders are chiefs, and usually unite several villages. Chiefdoms tend to be larger than tribes. Chiefs have true authority, and are usually wealthier than others.
What are the 4 types of political organization?
Anthropologists generally recognize four kinds of political systems, two of which are uncentralized and two of which are centralized.
- Uncentralized systems. Band society.
- Centralized governments. Chiefdom.
- Supranational political systems.
How do bands tribes chiefdoms and states evolve?
How do bands, tribes, chiefdoms, and states “evolve”? they evolved over time to adapt to the changed in the environment or because of new inventions or technology.